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Citation: Poliseno, Angelo and Feregrino, Christian and Sartoretto, Stéphane and Aurelle, Didier and Wörheide, Gert and McFadden, Chaterine S. and Vargas, Sergio: Comparative mitogenomics, phylogeny and evolutionary history of Leptogorgia (Gorgoniidae). 2017. Open Data LMU. doi:10.5282/ubm/data.99

Comparative mitogenomics, phylogeny and evolutionary history of Leptogorgia (Gorgoniidae)
Comparative mitogenomics, phylogeny and evolutionary history of Leptogorgia (Gorgoniidae)

Molecular analyses of the ecologically important gorgonian octocoral genus Leptogorgia are scant and mostly deal with few species from restricted geographical regions. Here we explore the phylogenetic relationships and the evolutionary history of Leptogorgia using the complete mitochondrial genomes of six Leptogorgia species from different localities in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and eastern Pacific as well as four other genera of Gorgoniidae and Plexauridae. Our mitogenomic analyses showed high inter-specific diversity, variable nucleotide substitution rates and, for some species, novel genomic features such as ORFs of unknown function. The phylogenetic analyses using complete mitogenomes and an extended mtMutS dataset recovered Leptogorgia as polyphyletic, and the species considered in the analyses were split into two defined groups corresponding to different geographic regions, namely the eastern Pacific and the Atlantic-Mediterranean. Our phylogenetic analysis based on mtMutS also shows a clear separation between the eastern Atlantic and South African Leptogorgia, suggesting the need of a taxonomic revision for these forms. A time-calibrated phylogeny showed that the separation of eastern Pacific and western Atlantic species started ca. 20 Mya and suggested a recent divergence for eastern Pacific species and for L. sarmentosa-L. capverdensis. This last speciation event  likely is related to the reopening of the Gibraltar Strait after the end of the Messinian crisis (5.96-5.33 Mya). Our results also revealed high inter-specific diversity among eastern Atlantic and South African species, highlighting a potential role of the geographical diversification processes and geological events occurring during the last 30 Ma in the Atlantic on the evolutionary history of these organisms

Octocorals, Gorgonians, Leptogorgia, Mitogenome, Molecular phylogeny, Evolutionary history
Poliseno, Angelo
Feregrino, Christian
Sartoretto, Stéphane
Aurelle, Didier
Wörheide, Gert
McFadden, Chaterine S.
Vargas, Sergio
2017

[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Aatp6))
Atp6_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Atp8))
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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Cob))
Cob_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Cox1))
Cox1_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Cox2))
Cox2_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Cox3))
Cox3_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (mtMutS))
MutS_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Nad1))
Nad1_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Nad2))
Nad2_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Nad3))
Nad3_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Nad4))
Nad4_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Nad4L))
Nad4L_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Nad5))
Nad5_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (Nad6))
Nad6_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (CDS- complete mitochondrial genomes))
Octocorallia_concatenated_CDS_ed.phy - Supplemental Material

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[img] HTML (DNA alignment (mtMutS_Leptogorgia))
Leptogorgia_mtMuts_114.nex - Supplemental Material

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DOI: doi:10.5282/ubm/data.99

This dataset published at "Open Data LMU" is made available under the "ODC-BY" v1.0 whose full text can be found at: http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses

This dataset is available unter the terms of the following Creative Commons LicenseODC-BY

Abstract

Molecular analyses of the ecologically important gorgonian octocoral genus Leptogorgia are scant and mostly deal with few species from restricted geographical regions. Here we explore the phylogenetic relationships and the evolutionary history of Leptogorgia using the complete mitochondrial genomes of six Leptogorgia species from different localities in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and eastern Pacific as well as four other genera of Gorgoniidae and Plexauridae. Our mitogenomic analyses showed high inter-specific diversity, variable nucleotide substitution rates and, for some species, novel genomic features such as ORFs of unknown function. The phylogenetic analyses using complete mitogenomes and an extended mtMutS dataset recovered Leptogorgia as polyphyletic, and the species considered in the analyses were split into two defined groups corresponding to different geographic regions, namely the eastern Pacific and the Atlantic-Mediterranean. Our phylogenetic analysis based on mtMutS also shows a clear separation between the eastern Atlantic and South African Leptogorgia, suggesting the need of a taxonomic revision for these forms. A time-calibrated phylogeny showed that the separation of eastern Pacific and western Atlantic species started ca. 20 Mya and suggested a recent divergence for eastern Pacific species and for L. sarmentosa-L. capverdensis. This last speciation event  likely is related to the reopening of the Gibraltar Strait after the end of the Messinian crisis (5.96-5.33 Mya). Our results also revealed high inter-specific diversity among eastern Atlantic and South African species, highlighting a potential role of the geographical diversification processes and geological events occurring during the last 30 Ma in the Atlantic on the evolutionary history of these organisms

Keywords

Octocorals, Gorgonians, Leptogorgia, Mitogenome, Molecular phylogeny, Evolutionary history

Item Type:Data
Contact Person:Poliseno, Angelo
E-Mail of Contact:a.poliseno.ita at gmail.com
Subjects:Faculty of Geosciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:600 Natural sciences and mathematics > 560 Paleontology, Paleozoology
600 Natural sciences and mathematics > 570 Life sciences
600 Natural sciences and mathematics > 590 Zoological sciences
ID Code:99
Deposited By: Mr. Angelo Poliseno
Deposited On:24. Jan 2017 06:52
Last Modified:01. Mar 2019 00:00

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