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Zitation: Reiswig, Henry M. und Dohrmann, Martin: Three new species of glass sponges (Porifera: Hexactinellida) from the West Indies, and molecular phylogenetics of Euretidae and Auloplacidae (Sceptrulophora). Oktober 2013. Open Data LMU. https://doi.org/10.5282/ubm/data.57

Three new species of glass sponges (Porifera: Hexactinellida) from the West Indies, and molecular phylogenetics of Euretidae and Auloplacidae (Sceptrulophora)
Three new species of glass sponges (Porifera: Hexactinellida) from the West Indies, and molecular phylogenetics of Euretidae and Auloplacidae (Sceptrulophora)

Three new species and a new genus of dictyonal Hexactinellida (Hexasterophora: Sceptrulophora: Euretidae and Auloplacidae) are described from hard bottom communities of the West Indies. The holotypes were all collected by manned submersibles operated by Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute between 2006 and 2011 and remained in excellent physical condition at the time of their examination and description. Due to their relatively recent collection and ethanol storage, molecular markers established previously for phylogenetics of glass sponges were retrievable from all three holotypes. These are the first sequences for their respective genera, Conorete, Verrucocoeloidea and Dictyoplax gen. nov. In addition, the first sequences of the genus Lefroyella could be obtained. Because the only (alleged) member of the family Euretidae previously included in molecular phylogenetic studies turned out to belong to the recently resurrected family Auloplacidae (i.e., Dictyoplax gen. nov.), in the present study the phylogenetic position of Euretidae within Sceptrulophora could be inferred for the first time. Furthermore, the increased taxon sampling allowed us to conduct a first test of the monophyly of Euretidae and one of its two subfamilies, Euretinae, with molecular data. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis revealed a close relationship of Euretidae to Farreidae but also indicated that the former might be paraphyletic with respect to the latter. Monophyly of subfamily Euretinae, at least in its current scope, was strongly rejected by the molecular data, in line with results from other hexactinellid families with a subfamilial division. The genus Sarostegia, which was only recently provisionally moved to Euretidae, is here transferred to an incertae sedis position within the classification of Sceptrulophora, because it is clearly unrelated to the other three included euretids. Besides from that, we refrain here from changes to the classification of Euretidae until more genera of this most diverse but poorly defined sceptrulophoran family are sampled for molecular systematic studies.

biodiversity – dictyonine – Hexasterophora – molecular phylogeny – sponges – taxonomy
Reiswig, Henry M.
Dohrmann, Martin
2013

[img] Text (Alignment)
Alignment.phy

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[img] Text (Gene boundaries in alignment)
Partitions.txt

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[img] Text (RNA secondary structure in dot-bracket format)
Structure.txt

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[img] Text (Maximum likelihood phylogram with bootstrap values)
Tree.tre

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5282/ubm/data.57

Dieser auf "Open Data LMU" veröffentlichte Datensatz steht unter der "Open Database License (ODC-ODbL)" v1.0: https://opendatacommons.org/licenses

Beschreibung

Three new species and a new genus of dictyonal Hexactinellida (Hexasterophora: Sceptrulophora: Euretidae and Auloplacidae) are described from hard bottom communities of the West Indies. The holotypes were all collected by manned submersibles operated by Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute between 2006 and 2011 and remained in excellent physical condition at the time of their examination and description. Due to their relatively recent collection and ethanol storage, molecular markers established previously for phylogenetics of glass sponges were retrievable from all three holotypes. These are the first sequences for their respective genera, Conorete, Verrucocoeloidea and Dictyoplax gen. nov. In addition, the first sequences of the genus Lefroyella could be obtained. Because the only (alleged) member of the family Euretidae previously included in molecular phylogenetic studies turned out to belong to the recently resurrected family Auloplacidae (i.e., Dictyoplax gen. nov.), in the present study the phylogenetic position of Euretidae within Sceptrulophora could be inferred for the first time. Furthermore, the increased taxon sampling allowed us to conduct a first test of the monophyly of Euretidae and one of its two subfamilies, Euretinae, with molecular data. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis revealed a close relationship of Euretidae to Farreidae but also indicated that the former might be paraphyletic with respect to the latter. Monophyly of subfamily Euretinae, at least in its current scope, was strongly rejected by the molecular data, in line with results from other hexactinellid families with a subfamilial division. The genus Sarostegia, which was only recently provisionally moved to Euretidae, is here transferred to an incertae sedis position within the classification of Sceptrulophora, because it is clearly unrelated to the other three included euretids. Besides from that, we refrain here from changes to the classification of Euretidae until more genera of this most diverse but poorly defined sceptrulophoran family are sampled for molecular systematic studies.

Keywords

biodiversity – dictyonine – Hexasterophora – molecular phylogeny – sponges – taxonomy

Quelle

Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171:233–253 (2014)

Dokumententyp:Daten
Name der Kontaktperson:Dohrmann, Martin
E-Mail der Kontaktperson:m.dohrmann at lrz.uni-muenchen.de
Fakultät:Fakultät für Geowissenschaften
Dewey Dezimalklassifikation:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
ID-Code:57
Hochgeladen von: Dr. Martin Dohrmann
Hochgeladen am:28. Mai 2014 13:17
Letzte Änderungen:29. Mai 2017 09:31

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