Logo Logo

Citation: Schuster, Astrid and Cárdenas, Paco and Pisera, Andrzej and Pomponi, Shirley A. and Kelly, Michelle and Wörheide, Gert and Erpenbeck, Dirk: Seven new deep-water Tetractinellida (Porifera: Demospongiae) from the Galápagos Islands – Morphological descriptions and DNA barcodes. 28. November 2017. Open Data LMU. https://doi.org/10.5282/ubm/data.113

Seven new deep-water Tetractinellida (Porifera: Demospongiae) from the Galápagos Islands – Morphological descriptions and DNA barcodes
Seven new deep-water Tetractinellida (Porifera: Demospongiae) from the Galápagos Islands – Morphological descriptions and DNA barcodes

The Galápagos Islands, positioned in the confluence of warm and coldwater currents in the Eastern Pacific, is well-known for the high degree of endemism of its marine invertebrate fauna. This fauna has been studied extensively in recent years: the echinoderms, corals and other benthic cnidarians, but little is known about the deep and shallow-water sponge faunas. To date, only 70 sponge species have been described from the Galápagos Islands, 37 of which are endemic. Of these 70 species, only one shallow-water species of desma-bearing Tetractinellida (Demospongiae), Corallistes isabela, has been reported. In 1995, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Florida, led an expedition around the Galápagos archipelago, focussed on the collection of deep-water Porifera. Here, we describe seven new species and provide DNA barcodes for the tetractinellids from these collections. Phylogenetic relationships of these new species are discussed and compared with other material from the Caribbean, the Central and West Pacific Oceans. The new species represent five genera (Craniella, and desma-bearing Tetractinellida Neophrissospongia, Corallistes, Racodiscula and Scleritoderma). Phylogenetic reconstructions combining independent markers (mtDNA and rDNA) support the generic affiliation of these new species, and confirm the separation of Eastern Pacific species from Caribbean and Central to West Pacific species.

Astrophorina, Corallistidae, COI, DNA barcode, endemism, Galápagos Islands, lithistids, Scleritodermidae, Spirophorina, Theonellidae
Schuster, Astrid
Cárdenas, Paco
Pisera, Andrzej
Pomponi, Shirley A.
Kelly, Michelle
Wörheide, Gert
Erpenbeck, Dirk
2017

[img] Text (Concatenated Data set)
concat_GAL5.phy - Additional Metadata

178kB

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5282/ubm/data.113

This dataset published at "Open Data LMU" is made available under the "Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL)" v1.0 whose full text can be found at: http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses

Abstract

The Galápagos Islands, positioned in the confluence of warm and coldwater currents in the Eastern Pacific, is well-known for the high degree of endemism of its marine invertebrate fauna. This fauna has been studied extensively in recent years: the echinoderms, corals and other benthic cnidarians, but little is known about the deep and shallow-water sponge faunas. To date, only 70 sponge species have been described from the Galápagos Islands, 37 of which are endemic. Of these 70 species, only one shallow-water species of desma-bearing Tetractinellida (Demospongiae), Corallistes isabela, has been reported. In 1995, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Florida, led an expedition around the Galápagos archipelago, focussed on the collection of deep-water Porifera. Here, we describe seven new species and provide DNA barcodes for the tetractinellids from these collections. Phylogenetic relationships of these new species are discussed and compared with other material from the Caribbean, the Central and West Pacific Oceans. The new species represent five genera (Craniella, and desma-bearing Tetractinellida Neophrissospongia, Corallistes, Racodiscula and Scleritoderma). Phylogenetic reconstructions combining independent markers (mtDNA and rDNA) support the generic affiliation of these new species, and confirm the separation of Eastern Pacific species from Caribbean and Central to West Pacific species.

Keywords

Astrophorina, Corallistidae, COI, DNA barcode, endemism, Galápagos Islands, lithistids, Scleritodermidae, Spirophorina, Theonellidae

Item Type:Data
Contact Person:Erpenbeck, Dirk
E-Mail of Contact:erpenbeck at lmu.de
Subjects:Faculty of Geosciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:600 Natural sciences and mathematics > 590 Zoological sciences
ID Code:113
Deposited By: PD Dr. Dirk Erpenbeck
Deposited On:25. Jan 2018 10:08
Last Modified:02. May 2018 10:11

Repository Staff Only: item control page