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Citation: Schuster, Astrid and Pisera, Andrzej and Kelly, Michelle and Bell, Lori and Pomponi, Shirley A. and Wörheide, Gert and Erpenbeck, Dirk: New species and a molecular dating analysis of Vetulina Schmidt, 1879 (Porifera: Demospongiae: Sphaerocladina) reveal an ancient relict fauna with Tethys origin. 30. October 2017. Open Data LMU. https://doi.org/10.5282/ubm/data.111

New species and a molecular dating analysis of Vetulina Schmidt, 1879 (Porifera: Demospongiae: Sphaerocladina) reveal an ancient relict fauna with Tethys origin
New species and a molecular dating analysis of Vetulina Schmidt, 1879 (Porifera: Demospongiae: Sphaerocladina) reveal an ancient relict fauna with Tethys origin

Vetulina Schmidt, 1879 (Demospongiae, Sphaerocladina, Vetulinidae) currently constitutes the only living representative of a once diverse Mesozoic group. Molecular data places Vetulina as sister to freshwater sponges (Spongillida) despite different skeletal composition. At present, only three extant species of this desma-bearing "rock-sponge" are described from the Caribbean and Indian Ocean, all with similar growth forms and spiculation, but different desma and surface details. Comparison of the genetic highly similar species was not possible until the present study. Vetulina distribution is regarded as a consequence of the closure of the Tethyan Seaway in the Early Miocene, suggesting a more widely distributed population with its origin in the Tethys Sea. To support this hypothesis in a molecular paleobiological framework we first increased the taxon sampling by describing and sequencing two new species of Vetulina from the Bahamas and Philippines and report Vetulina stalactites from nine additional locations in the Tropical Western Atlantic. A robust, dated phylogeny was calculated from the combined dataset amended by five representative fossils. Our results point to an Eocene origin for Vetulina even before the closure of the Tethyan Seaway in the Miocene, supporting that Vetulina presents a relict fauna with its origin in the Tethys Sea.

Not available
Schuster, Astrid
Pisera, Andrzej
Kelly, Michelle
Bell, Lori
Pomponi, Shirley A.
Wörheide, Gert
Erpenbeck, Dirk
2017

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ITS_Vetulina.fasta - Submitted Version

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RaxML18S_Vetulina.fasta - Submitted Version

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28S_Vetulina.fasta - Submitted Version

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RaxMLVetulinacox1.phy - Submitted Version

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5282/ubm/data.111

This dataset published at "Open Data LMU" is made available under the "Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL)" v1.0 whose full text can be found at: http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses

Abstract

Vetulina Schmidt, 1879 (Demospongiae, Sphaerocladina, Vetulinidae) currently constitutes the only living representative of a once diverse Mesozoic group. Molecular data places Vetulina as sister to freshwater sponges (Spongillida) despite different skeletal composition. At present, only three extant species of this desma-bearing "rock-sponge" are described from the Caribbean and Indian Ocean, all with similar growth forms and spiculation, but different desma and surface details. Comparison of the genetic highly similar species was not possible until the present study. Vetulina distribution is regarded as a consequence of the closure of the Tethyan Seaway in the Early Miocene, suggesting a more widely distributed population with its origin in the Tethys Sea. To support this hypothesis in a molecular paleobiological framework we first increased the taxon sampling by describing and sequencing two new species of Vetulina from the Bahamas and Philippines and report Vetulina stalactites from nine additional locations in the Tropical Western Atlantic. A robust, dated phylogeny was calculated from the combined dataset amended by five representative fossils. Our results point to an Eocene origin for Vetulina even before the closure of the Tethyan Seaway in the Miocene, supporting that Vetulina presents a relict fauna with its origin in the Tethys Sea.

Source

Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

Item Type:Data
Contact Person:Erpenbeck, Dirk
E-Mail of Contact:erpenbeck at lmu.de
Subjects:Faculty of Geosciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:600 Natural sciences and mathematics > 560 Paleontology, Paleozoology
ID Code:111
Deposited By: PD Dr. Dirk Erpenbeck
Deposited On:25. Jan 2018 10:07
Last Modified:25. Jan 2018 10:07

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