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Zitation: Schuster, Astrid und Pisera, Andrzej und Kelly, Michelle und Bell, Lori und Pomponi, Shirley A. und Wörheide, Gert und Erpenbeck, Dirk: New species and a molecular dating analysis of Vetulina Schmidt, 1879 (Porifera: Demospongiae: Sphaerocladina) reveal an ancient relict fauna with Tethys origin. 30. Oktober 2017. Open Data LMU. https://doi.org/10.5282/ubm/data.111

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ITS_Vetulina.fasta - Eingereichte Version

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RaxML18S_Vetulina.fasta - Eingereichte Version

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28S_Vetulina.fasta - Eingereichte Version

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RaxMLVetulinacox1.phy - Eingereichte Version


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5282/ubm/data.111

Dieser auf "Open Data LMU" veröffentlichte Datensatz steht unter der "Public Domain Dedication and License (PDDL)" v1.0: http://www.opendatacommons.org/licenses


Vetulina Schmidt, 1879 (Demospongiae, Sphaerocladina, Vetulinidae) currently constitutes the only living representative of a once diverse Mesozoic group. Molecular data places Vetulina as sister to freshwater sponges (Spongillida) despite different skeletal composition. At present, only three extant species of this desma-bearing "rock-sponge" are described from the Caribbean and Indian Ocean, all with similar growth forms and spiculation, but different desma and surface details. Comparison of the genetic highly similar species was not possible until the present study. Vetulina distribution is regarded as a consequence of the closure of the Tethyan Seaway in the Early Miocene, suggesting a more widely distributed population with its origin in the Tethys Sea. To support this hypothesis in a molecular paleobiological framework we first increased the taxon sampling by describing and sequencing two new species of Vetulina from the Bahamas and Philippines and report Vetulina stalactites from nine additional locations in the Tropical Western Atlantic. A robust, dated phylogeny was calculated from the combined dataset amended by five representative fossils. Our results point to an Eocene origin for Vetulina even before the closure of the Tethyan Seaway in the Miocene, supporting that Vetulina presents a relict fauna with its origin in the Tethys Sea.


Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society

Name der Kontaktperson:Erpenbeck, Dirk
E-Mail der Kontaktperson:erpenbeck at lmu.de
Fakultät:Fakultät für Geowissenschaften
Dewey Dezimalklassifikation:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 560 Paläontologie
Hochgeladen von: PD Dr. Dirk Erpenbeck
Hochgeladen am:25. Jan. 2018 10:07
Letzte Änderungen:25. Jan. 2018 10:07

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