Beda Venerabilis, De locis sanctis

A digital critical edition


Bede: Generalities

Editions and translations

Beda Venerabilis. De locis Sanctis. In Itinera hierosolymitana. Paul Geyer, ed. CSEL 39 (1898): 301-324.

Beda Venerabilis. De locis Sanctis. In Itineraria et alia geographica. Jean Fraipont, ed. CCSL 175 (1965): 249-280.

Foley, W. Trent and Arthur G. Holder. Bede a biblical miscellany translated with notes and introduction. Liverpool: Liverpool University press, 1999.

Wilkinson, John. Jerusalem pilgrims before the crusades (newly translated with supporting documents and notes). 2nd ed. Warminster : Aris and Phillips, 2002.

Secondary literature

Aist, Rodney. From Topography to Text: The Image of Jerusalem in the Writings of Eucherius, Adomnán and Bede. Brepols, 2018.

Abrams, Lesley. Bede, Gregory, and strategies of conversion in anglo-saxon England and the Spanish new world. Jarrow: Parish of Jarrow, 2014.

Altaner, Berthold and Alfred Stuiber. Patrologie: Leben, Schriften und Lehre der Kirchenväter. Freiburg, 1966.

Atherton, Mark. The making of England: a new history of the Anglo-Saxon world. London, 2017.

Blair, Peter Hunter. The world of Bede. London: Secker and Warburg, 1970.

—. Anglo-Saxon Northumbria. Edited by Michael Lapidge. London: Variorum reprints, 1984.

Bonner, Gerald. "The Christian Life in the Thought of the Venerable Bede". Durham University Journal XXXII (1970): 39–55.

Brown, George Hardin. Bede the Venerable. Boston: Twayne, 1987.

—. A companion to Bede. Woodbridge, 2009.

Chazelle, Celia. The Codex Amiatinus and Its “Sister” Bibles: Scripture, Liturgy, and Art in the Milieu of the Venerable Bede. Brill, 2019.

Colgrave, Bertram. The Venerable Bede and His Times. Jarrow, 1958.

Darby, Peter. Bede and the End of Time. Farnham: Ashgate, 2012.

Darby, Peter and Faith Wallis. Bede and the Future. Routledge, 2016.

DeGregorio, Scott, ed. Innovation and Tradition in the Writings of the Venerable Bede. Morgantown: West Virginia University Press, 2006.

—, ed. The Cambridge companion to Bede. Cambridge, 2010.

Di Berardino, Angelo and Istituto patristico Augustinianum, eds. Dizionario patristico e di Antichità cristiane. 3 vols. Cassale Monferrato: Marietti, 1983.

Diesner, Hans Joachim. "Das Christliche Bildungsprogramm Des Beda Venerabilis (672/73-735)". Theologische Literaturzeitung: Monatsschrift Für Das Gesamte Gebiet Der Theologie Und Religionswissenschaft CVI (1981): 864–72.

Farrell, Robert T. Bede and Anglo-Saxon England: papers in honour of the 1300th anniversary of the birth of Bede, given at Cornell University in 1973 and 1974. London: British Archaeological Reports, 1978.

Furry, Timothy J. Allegorizing History: The Venerable Bede, Figural Exegesis and Historical Theory. 2014.

Gorman, Michael M. "The Canon of Bede’s Works and the World of Ps. Bede". Revue Bénédictine 111/3–4 (2001): 399–445.

Henig, Martin and Nigel L. Ramsay, eds. Intersections: the archaeology and history of Christianity in England, 400-1200: papers in honour of Martin Biddle and Birthe Kjølbye-Biddle. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2010.

Higham, Nick. (Re-)reading Bede: the ecclesiastical history in context. London, 2006.

Holtz, Louis, Jean-Claude Fredouille, Marie-Hélène Jullien and Institut de recherche et d’histoire des textes, eds. De Tertullien aux Mozarabes. 1, Tables et index: mélanges offerts à Jacques Fontaine. Paris: Institut d’études augustiniennes, 1992.

—, eds. De Tertullien aux Mozarabes. Tome II, 3, Antiquité tardive et christianisme ancien, VIe-IXe siècles: mélanges offerts à Jacques Fontaine. Paris: Institut d’études augustiniennes, 1992.

Houghton, John William. Bede’s Exegetical Theology: Ideas of the Church in the Acts Commentaries of St. Bede the Venerable. 1994.

Irvine, M. "Bede the Grammarian and the Scope of Grammatical Studies in Eighth-Century Northumbria‘, Anglo-Saxon England 15 (1986).

James, M. R. "The Manuscripts of Bede". In Bede, His Life, Times and Writings. Essays in Commemoration of the Twelfth Centenary of His Death. Ed. Thompson, A. H., Oxford: Clarendon, 1935.

Jenkins, C. "Bede as Exegete and Theologian". In Bede, His Life, Times and Writings. Essays in Commemoration of the Twelfth Centenary of His Death. Ed. Thompson, A. H., Oxford: Clarendon, 1935.

Jones, Charles W. "Bede as Early Medieval Historian". Mediaevalia et Humanistica: Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Society IV (1946): 26–36.

Jones, Charles W. and Wesley M. Stevens. Bede, the Schools and the Computus Aldershot: Variorum, 1994.

Baffioni Carmela. La Diffusione Dell’eredità Classica Nell’età Tardoantica e Medievale. Filologia, Storia, Dottrina. Atti del Seminario nazionale di studio (Napoli-Sorrento, 29-31 ottobre 1998). Alessandria: Dell’Orso, 2000.

Laistner, M. L. W. "The Library of the Venerable Bede". In Bede, His Life, Times and Writings. Essays in Commemoration of the Twelfth Centenary of His Death. Ed. Thompson, A. H., Oxford: Clarendon, 1935.

Laistner, Max L. W. A Hand-List of Bede Manuscripts. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1943.

Lapidge, Michael. Bede and his world: the Jarrow lectures. 2 vols. Aldershot, 1994.

Lebecq, Stéphane, Michel Jean-Louis Perrin and Olivier Szerwiniack, eds. Bède Le Vénérable Entre Tradition et Postérité = The Venerable Bede: Tradition and Posterity: Colloque Organisé à Villeneuve d’Ascq et Amiens Par Le CRHEN-O (Université de Lille 3) et Textes, Images et Spiritualité (Université de Picardie-Jules Verne) Du 3 Au 6 Juillet 2002. Histoire de l’Europe Du Nord-Ouest, 34. Villeneuve-d’Asq: Université Charles-de-Gaulle – Lille III, 2005.

Lees, Clare A., ed. The Cambridge history of early medieval English literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Levison, W. "Bede as Historian". In Bede, His Life, Times and Writings. Essays in Commemoration of the Twelfth Centenary of His Death. Ed. Thompson, A. H., : Clarendon, 1935.

Kuhn, S. M. "The Authorship of the Old English Bede Revisited". Neuphilologische Mitteilungen LXXIII (1972): 172–80.

Mayr-Harting, Henry. The Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England. London: Batsford, 1972.

McGill, Scott and Edward Jay Watts, eds. A companion to late antique literature. New York: Wiley Blackwell, 2018.

Menestò, Enrico. La letteratura odeporica dei pellegrinaggi in Terrasanta: l’esempio del “De locis sanctis” di Beda il Venerabile, 1999.

Merrills, Andrew H. History and Geography in Late Antiquity. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought. 4th Series, 64. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Meyvaert, Paul. The Art of Words: Bede and Theodulf. Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 2008.

Moorhead, John. "Some Borrowings in Bede". Latomus: Revue d’Études Latines 66/3 (2007): 710–717.

Naismith, Rory and David Anthony Woodman, eds. Writing, kingship and power in Anglo-Saxon England. Cambridge, 2018.

O’Loughlin, Thomas. Celtic Theology: Humanity, World, and God in Early Irish Writings. London: Continuum, 2000.

—. Early Medieval Exegesis in the Latin West: Sources and Forms. Farnham; Burlington: Ashgate, 2013.

—. "The Early Church". In Religious Diversity in the Graeco-Roman World: A Survey of Recent Scholarship. Ed. Cohn-Sherbok, Dan & Court, John M. (The Biblical Seminar, 79), Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. 237 p., 124–142.

Olsen, G. "Bede as Historian: The Evidence from His Observations on the Life of the First Christian Community at Jerusalem". Journal of Ecclesiastical History 33 (1982): 519-530.

Picard, J.-M. "Bede and Irish Scholarship: Scientific Treatises and Grammars". Ériu 54 (2004): 139-147.

—. "Bède et ses sources irlandaises". In Bède le Vénérable. J. Lebecq et al., eds. 2005: 43-61.

Ray, Roger. Bede, Rhetoric, and the Creation of Christian Latin Culture. Jarrow, 1997.

Robinson, Bernard P. "The Venerable Bede as Exegete". Downside Review 112 (1994): 201–226.

Rumble, Alexander Richard, ed. Leaders of the Anglo-Saxon church: from Bede to Stigand. Woodbridge, 2012.

Scharer, Anton. "The Role of Language in Bede’s 'Ecclesiastical History'". In Changing Perspectives on England and the Continent in the Early Middle Ages. Ed. Scharer, Anton, Farnham; Burlington: Ashgate Variorum, 2014.

Scheil, Andrew P. The footsteps of Israel: understanding Jews in Anglo-Saxon England. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004.

Schneemelcher, Wilhelm and Knut Schäferdiek. Bibliographica Patristica. Walter de Gruyter, 1996.

Scragg, Donald George and Carole Weinberg, eds. Literary appropriations of the Anglo-Saxons from the thirteenth to the twentieth century. Cambridge, 2000.

Scully, Diarmuid. "Bede, Orosius and Gildas on the Early History of Britain". In Bède Le Vénérable : Entre Tradition et Postérité. edited by Stéphane Lebecq, Michel Perrin and Olivier Szerwiniak, 31–42. Histoire et Littérature Du Septentrion (IRHiS). Lille: Publications de l’Institut de recherches historiques du Septentrion, 2012.

Sharpe, Richard. "The Varieties of Bede’s Prose". In Aspects of the Language of Latin Prose. Tobias Reinhardt, Michael Lapidge and James N. Adams, eds. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005: 339–355.

Shockro, Sally. Reading Bede as Bede Would Read, diss. 2008.

Simonetti, Manlio. La Produzione letteraria latina fra Romani e Barbari: sec. 5-8. Roma,: Istituto patristico augustinianum, 1986.

Stevens, Wesley M. Bede’s Scientific Achievement. Jarrow, 1985.

—. "Beda Venerabilis (The Venerable Bede)". Brill’s New Pauly online, 2006.

Thompson, A. Hamilton, ed. Bede; his life, times, and writings: essays in commemoration of the twelfth centenary of his death. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1935.

Wallace-Hadrill, J. M.. Bede’s ecclesiastical history of the English people: a historical commentary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Ward, Benedicta. "Beda Venerabilis: 'Doctor Anglorum'". In Väter Der Kirche: Ekklesiales Denken von Den Anfängen Bis in Die Neuzeit: Festgabe Für Hermann Josef Sieben SJ Zum 70. Geburtstag. Johannes Arnold, Rainer Berndt and Ralf M. W. Stammberger, eds. Paderborn: Schöningh, 2004: 533–542.

—. The Venerable Bede. Kalamazoo: Cistercian Publications, 1998.

Wright, John Robert. A companion to Bede: a reader’s commentary on The ecclesiastical history of the English people. Grand Rapids, 2008.

Travel Literature and toponymy

Aiken, Edwin J. Scriptural Geography: Portraying the Holy Land. London: I.B. Tauris, 2010.

Arrivé, Michel. "Toponymie et littérature". Approches interdisciplinaires de la lecture 7 (2013): 47-61.

Boulton, Meg, Jane Hawkes and Heidi Stoner, eds. Place and Space in the Medieval World. London; New York: Routledge, 2018.

Boyer, Henri. "Fonctionnements sociolinguistiques de la dénomination toponymique". Mots. Les langages du politique 86 (2008): 9‑21.

Brefeld, Josephie. A Guidebook for the Jerusalem Pilgrimage in the Late Middle Ages: A Case for Computer-Aided Textual Criticism. Hilversum: Verloren, 1994.

Canetti, Luigi. "Vestigia Christi: Le Orme Di Gesù Fra Terrasanta e Occidente Latino". Griseldaonline 9 (2010).

Cerno, Marianna. "La trasformazione della Terrasanta agli occhi del pellegrino occidentale: da Egeria al monaco Bernardo". Itineraria: Letteratura di Viaggio e Conoscenza del Mondo dall’Antichità al Rinascimento = Travel Literature and Knowledge of the World from Antiquity to the Renaissance 8‑9 (2010): 541‑566.

Cooper, David, Christopher Donaldson and Patricia Murrieta-Flores, eds. Literary Mapping in the Digital Age. London: Routledge, 2016.

Corsi, Cristina. "Topographical issues in the Itinerarium Egeriae: An essay on the modalities of travel in the fourth century AD". HospitAm (blog), 2017.

Deluz; Christiane and Patrick Gautier Dalché, eds. La terre: connaissance, représentations, mesure au moyen âge. L’atelier du médiéviste 13. Turnhout: Brepols, 2013.

Donner, Herbert and Manfred Weippert. Pilgerfahrt ins Heilige Land: die ältesten Berichte christlicher Palästinapilger (4.-7. Jahrhundert). 2. Stuttgart: Kath. Bibelwerk, 2002.

Drijvers, J. W. "Travel and Pilgrimage Literature". In A Companion to Late Antique Literature. S. McGill and E. J. Watts, eds. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell (2018): 359–372.

Drobner, Hubertus R. "Die Palästina-itinerarien der alten Kirche als literarische, historische und archäologische Quellen". Augustinianum 38/2 (1998): 293-354.

Elitsur, Yoel. Ancient place names in the Holy Land: preservation and history. Jerusalem: Hebrew University, Magnes Press, 2004.

Fugmann, J. "Itinerarium". RAC 19 (2001): 1–31.

Galil, Gershon. Studies in Historical Geography and Biblical Historiography: Presented to Zechariah Kallai. Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Gautier Dalché, Patrick. L’espace géographique au Moyen Âge. Firenze: SISMEL, 2013.

Gregory, Ian and Christopher Donaldson. "Geographical Text Analysis: Digital Cartographies of Lake District Literature". In Literary Mapping in the Digital Age. Routledge, 2016.

Giraut, Frédéric and Myriam Houssay-Holzschuch. "Place Naming as Dispositif : Toward a Theoretical Framework". Geopolitics 21/1 (2016): 1‑21.

Goffart, Walter A. Barbarians, maps, and historiography: studies on the early medieval West. Farnham: Ashgate, 2009.

Groupe d’experts des Nations Unies pour les noms géographiques. Glossaire de la terminologie toponymique [Version française de : Glossary of Toponymic Terminology, Naftali Kadmon]. Paris–Québec, 1997.

Haupt, Barbara und Wilhelm G. Busse. Pilgerreisen in Mittelalter und Renaissance. Düsseldorf: Droste, 2006.

Heyden, Katharina. Orientierung. Die Westliche Christenheit Und Das Heilige Land in Der Antike. Aschendorff, 2014.

Houssay-Holzschuch, Myriam. "Nomen est omen". L'Espace Géographique 37/2 (2008): 153–159.

Howe, Nicholas. Writing the map of Anglo-Saxon England: essays in cultural geography. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 2008.

Hoyland, Robert G. and Sarah Waidler. "Adomnán’s De Locis Sanctis and the Seventh-Century Near East". The English Historical Review 129/539 (2014): 787–807.

Kadmon, Naftali. Toponymy: The Lore, Laws, and Language of Geographical Names. New York: Vantage Press, 2000.

Kallai, Zecharia. "Simeon’s town list. Scribal rules and geographical patterns". Vetus Testamentum 53/1 (2003): 81-96.

Kopp, Clemens. The Holy Places of the Gospels. New York: Herder and Herder, 1963.

Kupčík Ivan. Alte Landkarten: von der Antike bis zum Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts ; ein Handbuch zur Geschichte der Kartographie. Stuttgart: Steiner, 2011.

Levin, Noam. "The Palestine Exploration Fund Map (1871–1877) of the Holy Land as a Tool for Analysing Landscape Changes: the Coastal Dunes of Israel as a Case Study". Cartographic Journal 43/1 (2006): 45‑67.

Long, Burke O. Imagining the Holy Land. maps, models, and fantasy travels. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003.

Marcone, Arnaldo. "Viaggi e pellegrinaggi tra tarda antichità e alto medioevo". In Studi offerti ad Alessandro Perutelli. Ed. P. Arduini. Roma: Aracne (2008), 155-163.

Masalha, Nur. "The Concept of Palestine: The Conception of Palestine from the Late Bronze Age to the Modern Period". Journal of Holy Land and Palestine Studies 15/2 (2016): 143‑202.

Merrills, Andrew H. History and geography in late antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Milani, Celestina. "La continuità della tradizione classica negli ‘Itineraria ad loca sancta’ (IV-VIII secolo)". In La diffusione dell’eredità classica nell’età tardoantica e medievale: Forme e modi di trasmissione; Atti del Seminario Nazionale (Trieste, 19-20 settembre 1996). Ed. A. Valvo. Alessandria: dell’Orso (1997), 109–123.

Miller, Konrad. Itineraria Romana: römische Reisewege an der Hand der Tabula Peutingeriana dargestellt. Stuttgart: Strecker und Schröder, 1916.

Moore, Kathryn Blair. The architecture of the Christian Holy Land: reception from late antiquity through the Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Olshausen, Eckart and Vera Sauer, eds. Mobilität in den Kulturen der antiken Mittelmeerwelt. Stuttgarter Kolloquium zur Historischen Geographie des Altertums 11, 2011. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2014.

Paveau, Marie-Anne. "Le toponyme, désignateur souple et organisateur mémoriel. L’exemple du nom de bataille". Mots. Les langages du politique 86 (2008): 23‑35.

Penth, Sabine. Die Reise nach Jerusalem: Pilgerfahrten ins Heilige Land. Darmstadt: Primus, 2010.

Rajohnson, Matthieu. "Les guides de Terre sainte au Moyen Âge". Hypotheses 17/1 (2014): 37‑45.

Rose-Redwood, Reuben, Derek Alderman and Azaryahu Maoz. "Geographies of toponymic inscription: new directions in critical place-name studies". Progress in Human Geography 34/4 (2010): 453‑470.

Röricht, Reinhold. Bibliotheca Geographica Palaestinae. Berlin: H. Reuther, 1890.

Rubin, Rehav. Portraying the Land: Hebrew maps of the land of Israel from Rashi to the early 20th Century. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2018.

Said, Afaf. "Enjeux politiques de la traduction des toponymes". Traduire. Revue française de la traduction 240 (2019): 48‑58.

Salway, Benet. "Travel, Itineraria and Tabellaria". in Travel and Geography in the Roman Empire. C.P. Adams and R.M. Laurence, eds. London; New York: Routledge (2001): 22-66.

Scarpanti, Edoardo. "Onomastica sacra e Itineraria ad loca sancta. La tradizione antica e il fiume Giordano", Atti del Sodalizio Glottologico Milanese 1 (2006): 10-19.

Siniscalchi, Silvia and Cosimo Palagiano. "The Place Names of the Middle East Before and After Ptolemaic Cartography: An Emblematic Selection from Ancient Maps". Cartographic Journal 55/3 (2018): 205‑216.

Smith, George Adam. The historical geography of the Holy Land: Especially in relation to the history of Israel and of the early Church. With 6 maps. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1897.

Tishby, Ariel. Holy Land in maps. Jerusalem: Israel Museum, 2001.

Türck, Verena. Christliche Pilgerfahrten nach Jerusalem im früheren Mittelalter im Spiegel der Pilgerberichte. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2011.

Verhagen, Jan. "Using distances to identify Roman places in itineraria – a case study on the Lower Rhine limes". Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 44 (2014): 543-562.

von Martels, Zweder, ed. Travel fact and travel fiction: studies on fiction, literary tradition, scholarly discovery and observation in travel writing. Leiden: Brill, 1994.

Wilkinson, John. "Christian pilgrims in Jerusalem during the Byzantine period". Palestine Exploration Quarterly 108 (1976): 75‑101.

—. Jerusalem pilgrims before the Crusades. Warminster: Aris and Phillips, 1977.

—. Jerusalem as Jesus knew it. Archaeology as evidence. London: Thames and Hudson, 1978.

—. "Orientation, Jewish and Christian". Palestine Exploration Quarterly 116 (1984): 16‑30.

Woods David. "On the Circumstances of Adomnán’s Composition of the De Locis Sanctis'. In Adomnán of Iona: Theologian, Lawmaker, Peacemaker. J.M. Wooding et al., eds. 2010.

Zank, Michael. Jerusalem: A Brief History. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, 2018.

Atlases and Encyclopedia

Avi-Yonah, Mikhael. Encyclopedia of archaeological excavations in the Holy Land. Vol.1-4. London: Oxford Univ. Press, 1975-1978.

—. "Gazetteer of Roman Palestine". Qedem 5 (1976): 3–112.

Curtis, Adrian and Herbert G. May. Oxford Bible Atlas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Finegan, Jack. The Archeology of the New Testament: The Life of Jesus and the Beginning of the Early Church. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1992.

Malka, Ayelet Hashahar and Edward Levin, eds. Christians and Christianity. Judea & Samaria Publications 13–14. Jerusalem: Staff Officer of Archaeology, Civil Administration for Judea and Samaria, 2012.

Master, Daniel M., ed. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Murphy-O’Connor, J. The Holy Land: An Oxford Archaeological Guide from Earliest Times to 1700. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1998.

Negev Avraham and Renate Rosenthal-Heginbottom. Archäologisches Bibellexikon. Neuhausen-Stuttgart: Hänssler, 1991.

Negev, Avraham and Shimon Gibson. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. Continuum, 2005.

Pringle, Denys. The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Corpus. Vol. 1-4. Cambridge University Press, 1993-2009.

Stern, Ephraim, Ayelet Leṿinzon-Gilboʻa and J. Aviram, eds. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. Vol. 1-5. Jerusalem; New York: Israel Exploration Society & Carta; Simon & Schuster, 1993-2008.

Tishbi, Ariel. Das Heilige Land Auf Landkarten. Göttingen : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2008.

Toponyms of Bede's De locis sanctis

Abel, F.-M. "Exploration du Sud-est de la Vallée du Jourdain". Revue Biblique (1892-1940) 40/2 (1931): 214–26.

—. "Exploration du Sud-est de la Vallée du Jourdain (Suite)". Revue Biblique (1892-1940) 41/1 (1932): 77–88.

—. "Exploration du Sud-est de la Vallée du Jourdain (Suite et Fin)". Revue Biblique (1892-1940) 41/2 (1932): 237–57.

—. "Le Puits de Jacob et l’église S. Sauveur". Revue Biblique 42 (1933): 384–402.

Adan-Bayewitz, David. "The Fountain of Siloam and Solomon’s Pool in the First-Century C. e. Jerusalem". Israel Exploration Journal XXIX (1979): 92–100.

Adshead, S. A. M. "Antiquity". In Salt and Civilization, edited by S. A. M. Adshead, 27–46. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 1992.

Aist, Rodney. From Topography to Text: The Image of Jerusalem in the Writings of Eucherius, Adomnán and Bede. Brepols, 2018.

Avi-Yonah, M. "The Development of the Roman Road System in Palestine". Israel Exploration Journal 1/1 (1950): 54–60.

Bacon, Benjamin W. "The Baptism of John-Where Was It?’ The Biblical World 30/1 (1907): 39–50.

Bienert, Hans-Dieter and Jutta Häser. Men of Dikes and Canals: The Archaeology of Water in the Middle East: International Symposium Held at Petra, Wadi Musa (H.K. of Jordan) 15-20 June, 1999. Rahden: Leidorf, 2004.

Blake, Ian M. "Jericho (Ain Es-Sultan): Joshua’s Curse and Elisha’s Miracle—One Possible Explanation". Palestine Exploration Quarterly 99/2 (1 July 1967): 86–97.

Brown, Scott G. "Bethany beyond the Jordan: John 1:28 and the longer Gospel of Mark". Revue Biblique (1946-) 110/4 (2003): 497–516.

Burns Ross. Damascus. A History. London: Routledge, 2019.

Charlesworth, James H., ed. John and Qumran. London: Chapman, 1972.

Chiat, Marilyn Joyce Segal. "East of the Jordan river". In Handbook of Synagogue Architecture, Brown Judaic Studies. 2020: 261–328.

Clapp, Raymond G. "A Study of the Place-Names Gergesa and Bethabara". Journal of Biblical Literature 26/1 (1907): 62–83.

Coloe, Mary L. and Thomas William Thatcher, eds. John, Qumran, and the Dead Sea Scrolls: Sixty Years of Discovery and Debate. Atlanta: SBL, 2011.

Dark, Ken. "The Byzantine Church of the Nutrition in Nazareth Rediscovered". Palestine Exploration Quarterly 144/3 (2012): 164–184.

Dauphin, Claudine. "Sainte-Anne de Jérusalem: le projet Béthesda". Proche-Orient chrétien, 55/3-4 (2005): 254-262.

de Angelis, Franco. Archaic and Classical Greek Sicily: A Social and Economic History. Oxford University Press, 2016.

Dressaire, L. "L’ancienne église de la nutrition à Nazareth". Revue des études byzantines 62 (1907): 31–41.

Eckert, Lowell Edgar. The Baptism of Jesus in the Canonical and Jewish-Christian Gospels: An Intertextual Study. Diss., 2000.

Egan, Virginia and Patricia M. Bikai. "Archaeology in Jordan". American Journal of Archaeology 102/3 (1998): 571–606.

Everman, Diane Marie. The Water Supply System of Caesarea Maritima: A Historical Study. Diss., 1997.

Flood, Finbarr Barry. The Great Mosque of Damascus: Studies on the Makings of an Ummayyad Visual Culture. Leiden: Brill, 2001.

Foletti, Ivan and Serena Romano. "Fons Vitae": Baptême, Baptistères et Rites d’initiation, IIe-VIe Siècle : Actes de La Journée d’études, Université de Lausanne, 1er Décembre 2006. Lausanne: Université de Lausanne, 2009.

Frese, Tobias, Wilfried E. Keil, Kristina Krüger and Institut für Europäische Kunstgeschichte, eds. Sacred Scripture/Sacred Space: The Interlacing of Real Places and Conceptual Spaces in Medieval Art and Architecture. Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter, 2019.

Genot-Bismuth, Jacqueline and Judith Genot. Jérusalem Ressuscitée: La Bible Hébraïque et l’Évangile de Jean à l’épreuve de l’archéologie Nouvelle. Paris: Albin Michel, 1992.

Gibson, Shimon and J. E. Taylor. Beneath the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem. The Archaeology and Early History of Traditional Golgotha (Palestine Exploration Fund Monograph, Series Maior 1). London, 1994.

Gibson, Shimon and D. M. Jacobson. Below the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Subterranean Chambers, Conduits and Cisterns of the Haram al-Sharif (B.A.R. Int. Series 637, Tempus Reperatum). Oxford, 1996.

Gibson, Shimon. The Cave of John the Baptist. Random House / Doubleday, 2004.

—. "The Bethesda Pool in Jerusalem: A New Investigation of Old Excavations". In New Studies on Jerusalem, Vol. 14. E. Baruch et al., eds. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University, 2008: 22*-29*.

—. The Final Days of Jesus: The Archaeological Evidence. San Francisco: HarperOne, 2009.

—. "The Excavations at the Bethesda Pool in Jerusalem: Preliminary Report on a Project of Stratigraphic and Structural Analysis". In Sainte-Anne de Jérusalem. La Piscine Probatique de Jésus À Saladin. F. Bouwen, ed. Jerusalem: Saint Anne, 2011: 17-44.

Corbett, Glenn J., Donald R. Keller, Barbara A. Porter and China P. Shelton. "Archaeology in Jordan, 2014 and 2015 Seasons". American Journal of Archaeology 120/4 (2016): 631–672.

Glueck, Nelson. The River Jordan: Being an Illustrated Account of Earth’s Most Storied River. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1946.

Gold, Victor Roland. "The Mosaic Map of Madeba". The Biblical Archaeologist 21/3 (1958): 50–71.

Grigsby, B. H. "Washing in the Pool of Siloam. A Thematic Anticipation of the Johannine Cross". Novum Testamentum: An International Quarterly for New Testament and Related Studies XXVII (1985): 227–235.

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